Test your holiday nutrition smarts

Learn to treat yourself while keeping your waistline in check

It’s the month when food-laden parties, festive dinners, and holiday sweets piled up at the office can tempt even the most disciplined of eaters to cast aside healthy eating habits and decide to deal with the consequences in January.
Armed with know-how and a game plan, though, December’s calorie minefield doesn’t have to completely undo your diet or add inches to your waistline.  Hone your holiday eating skills by taking this quiz (don’t look ahead at the answers).
1. Which glass of holiday cheer delivers the fewest calories?
a. 12 ounces craft IPA beer, 6.5%
b. Mulled wine, 5 ounces
c. Virgin eggnog, regular, 8 ounces
d. Pomegranate martini
Answer: b. The mulled wine, made with (yes) sugar and spices, wins this contest at 150 calories.  A pomegranate martini (vodka, cranberry juice, orange liqueur) is a close runner up at 185 calories. The craft IPA has 240 calories and regular eggnog (not light) can have as many as 290 calories per cup. (Your best bet, though, is a 4-ounce glass of bubbly at 78 calories.)
2. Holiday hors d’ouevres can deliver a meal’s worth of calories, or more, if you’re not careful. Which one is the lightest choice?
a)Mini vegetable spring rolls, 4
b) Chicken satay with peanut sauce, 2
c) Shrimp, medium, with cocktail sauce, 5
d) Sushi, 4 pieces
Answer: c. The lowest calorie choice, and one that delivers satiating protein, is the shrimp at 57 calories. Runners up include sushi (4 pieces, 200 calories) and chicken satay (240 calories). Four bite-size spring rolls deliver about 240 calories, but because they’re deep-fried they deliver much more fat.
3. True or False? When you’re dining at family or friend’s homes, you can’t control the foods you eat.
False. Okay, it’s fair to say that you can’t control what ends up on your dinner plate (unless you have input into the menu). But you can offer to bring a healthy appetizer or side dish that will help prevent you overeating the cheese and crackers or mashed potatoes.
Plus, it’s wise to have a default position when eating out: Don’t eat the entire portion of food that’s served on your plate.
Be firm with food pushers. If you don’t want to eat more – or have dessert – say no thank you, it was delicious, but you’ve had enough to eat.
4. Undercooked turkey meat isn’t the only food that can cause food poisoning, stuffing can too. At which temperature is stuffing safe to eat?
a) 63°C (145°F)
b) 74°C (165°F)
c) 80°C (175°F)
d) 82°C (180°F)
Answer: b. Cooked inside or outside the bird, stuffing recipes should be cooked to a minimum temperature of 74°C (165°F). Stuff the turkey loosely, about ¾ cup per pound of turkey, and use a digital meat thermometer to determine doneness. (For optimum safety and more even cooking, cook stuffing in a casserole dish.)
5. True or False? Forgoing the turkey skin is a smart way to cut fat from your holiday meal.
False. Saying no to the bird’s crispy skin won’t save you an appreciable amount of fat. Consider that four ounces of roasted turkey breast, with skin, has 6.3 g of fat.  Eat it skinless, and you’ll save 4 g of fat (70 per cent of it, by the way, unsaturated fat). Not a huge savings.
A smarter plan: Control your portion size of the buttery mashed potatoes, turkey stuffing and decadent dessert.
6. If you’re going to indulge your sweet tooth, which holiday treat is the lowest in calories?
a) Pecan pie, 1 slice (1/8 of a pie)
b) Traditional fruit cake, 1 slice (1/12 of a 7” cake)
c) Pumpkin pie with whipped cream, 1 slice (1/8 of a pie)
d) Mincemeat pie, 1 slice (1/8 of a pie)
Answer: c. Pumpkin pie, even topped with whip cream, is the winner at 348 calories. It also serves up calcium, potassium and nearly a full day’s worth of vitamin A.  Fruit cake is a close runner-up at 366 calories; it’s also a good source of iron and potassium thanks to dried fruit.  A slice of mincemeat and pecan pie clocks in at 477 and 503 calories, respectively.
7. True or False? A workout, here and there, won’t make a difference to December’s calorie minefield.
False. Truth is, even avid exercise won’t stave off holiday weight gain if you overeat. But fitting some exercise during the busy holiday season isn’t useless. A 15-minute run, power walk or workout on the elliptical trainer can reduce your appetite, strengthen your resolve to eat sensibly, and burn up to – or more, depending on your weight – 200 calories.
8. True or False? You’ll lose those extra holiday pounds in January.
 Maybe, maybe not. Research suggests that the slight weight gain that occurs over the holiday season – about one pound for healthy-weight people – accumulates year after year.
The key to nipping a small weight gain in the bud is to deal with it right away.
Don’t rely on a new gym membership alone to tackle holiday weight gain. You’ll be far more successful if you adjust your diet 2019, too.
Leslie Beck is Medcan’s Director of Food and Nutrition.
She writes a weekly column in The Globe and Mail and is a contributor to CTV News and CBC Radio. Follow her on Twitter @LeslieBeckRD 

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